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姚志明律師
合同法定解除

(一)因不可抗力致使不能實現合同目的; (二)在履行期限屆滿之前,當事人一方明確表示或者以自己的行為表明不履行主要債務; (三)當事人一方遲延履行主要債務,經催告后在合理期限內仍未履行;

目錄

  • 1合同法定解除的條件比較

    合同法定解除權是法律賦予非違約方在其自身利益遭受違約方行為嚴重損害時得以采取的一種違約救濟措施。由于此種救濟將導致雙方合同關系終止的后果,各國對其均規定了嚴格的限制條件,但在具體規定上存在著較大差異。本文擬對各主要國家的合同法或判例法以及國際統一合同法有關法定解除條件的規定進行比較、評析,以期為進一步完善我國合同法定解除制度提供參考和借鑒。   合同的法定解除是指在合同有效成立后,沒有履行或沒有完...

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  • 2什么是合同的法定解除

    序言

    合同的全部意義和終極目的在于履行。合同成立生效后,當事人應按照合同的約定或者法律的規定,全面適當地履行合同義務。然而在現實生活中,在合同依法有效成立后,因主客觀情況發生變化,難免會使合同的履行成為不必要或者不可能,這就必然引發合同法定解除制度的產生。該制度以其特有的功能、價值和制度內涵受到各國立法的普遍重視,各國法律無不對合同法定解除的條件、程序、效力等做出明確、嚴格的規定。但對比各國,合同法定解除制度于學說理論及立法司法實踐層面,長期以來多有爭議、難作統一解說。本文嘗試對該制度內各熱點問題之上的不同觀點進行總結、比較,以此反思我國現行法中的合同法定解除制度。

    一、合同法定解除制度的基本理論

    (一)合同解除的概念及類型

    1.合同解除的概念

    對合同解除的內涵界定,國內外學界大概有兩種觀點。第一種觀點者認為,“所謂合同的解除,是指在合同有效成立以后,當解除的條件具備時,因當事人一方或雙方的意思表示,使合同關系自始或向未來消滅的行為。”(王利

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  • 3合同法定解除權行使的條件

    根據《合同法》第94條的規定,單方當事人行使合同法定解除權的情形有下列五種:

    (1)因不可抗力不能實現合同目的的。不可抗力是指不能預見、不能避免、不能克服的客觀現象。不可抗力事件的發生,只有其致使合同目的完全不能實現時,則任何一方當事人均享有合同解除權。

    (2)因拒絕履行主要債務不能實現合同目的的。這是指在履行期限屆滿之前,當事人一方明確表示或者以自己的行為表明不履行主要債務。對于這種情況,另一方可不進行履行催告,徑直行使解除權。

    (3)因遲延履行主要債務致使不能實現合同目的的。債務人無正當理由,若對于未約定履行期限,在債權人催告后仍未履行的,債權人便可享有合同解除權;若在合同履行期間屆滿,仍未履行合同主要債務,則債權人可不進行催告即享有解除權。

    (4)因遲延履行或有其他違約情形不能實現合同目的的。致使合同目的無法實現的違約形態有多種,包括遲延履行、不完全履行,以及履行地點不符合合同約定等。在此情況下,債權人可不經催告而直接解除合同。

    (5)法律規定的其他解除情形。這是一個概括性的規定,當以上情形都沒有出現,而法律規定其他情形合同也應該解除時,合同就解除。這實際為將來法律的發展留足了空間,同時也防止法律出現漏洞。

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  • 4合同法定解除的條件

    合同的法定解除是指合同成立后,尚未履行或履行完畢前當事人一方行使法定的解除權而使合同效力歸于消滅的行為。一般情況下,合同生效后,當事人一方不得擅自解除合同。但在履行中由于對方當事人嚴重違約從而使債權人訂立合同的目的不能達到。即使在以后能夠遵守,使債權人目的仍不能達到。因應債權人宣告解除后,及時消除或減少因對方違約所造成的損失。但并不是說一旦違約都可以導致合同的解除。因此要對法定解除加以嚴格的限制,...

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最近更新:2019-07-03
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