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姚志明律師
預期違約的法律規定

什么是預期違約呢?即在履行期限屆滿之前,當事人一方明確表示不履行合同主要債務,就構成預期違約。那么預期違約應該怎么認定?合同法預期違約有哪些法律規定?預期違約法律后果有什么?預期違約的救濟有哪些?

目錄

  • 1預期違約的法律規定有哪些

    我們都知道簽訂合同的時候一般都會載明一些違約條款,一般來說在合同履行中,合同的一方或者雙方甚至多方都可能出現違約的情形,預期違約也叫做先期違約,是違約的一種。那么關于合同預期違約制度的法律規定有哪些?接下來由華律網的小編為大家整理了一些關于預期違約的法律規定有哪些方面的知識,歡迎大家閱讀!

    預期違約的法律規定有哪些

    中國《合同法》第108條規定了預期違約制度,同時在《合同法》第94條第2項規定:“在履行期限屆滿之前,當事人一方明確表示不履行合同主要債務”。

    這在中國是一種創新的制度,對中國《合同法》的完善有著積極的意義,但同時也帶來了具體操作中的困難。預期違約制度是積極、主動的制度,一經認定預期違約的構成,債權人就可以向法院起訴,讓違約方在履行期到來之前承擔違約責任,這也是最大的一個特點。

    在實踐中,鑒于明示預期違約當事人采取明確的意思表示,屬于一種明顯的、確定的毀約,比較容易判斷,但在實踐經濟活動中,比如金融活動中,明示毀約就鮮有發生,默示毀約的情況偏多。如何判斷是否構成默示預期違約?

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  • 2預期違約的認定有哪些誤區

    相信我們大家都知道合同違約中有一個是預期違約,我國合同法明確規定了預期違約制度,這是我國立法上的一大突破和進步,體現了我國對合同債權人權利的保護力度進一步加大,但是對于預期違約人們還有一些誤區,接下來由華律網的小編為大家整理了一些關于!預期違約的認定有哪些誤區方面的知識,歡迎大家閱讀!

    預期違約的認定有哪些誤區

    誤區之一:認定預期違約須以一方當事人主觀上有過錯為條件

    預期違約是與實際違約相對而言的,其基本含義是指在合同依法成立以后履行期限屆滿之前,當事人一方明確肯定地拒絕履行合同或以其自身行為預示其將不履行或不能履行合同的一種違約行為。它分為明示預期違約和默示預期

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  • 3合同預期違約的法律后果

    合同履行中的違約責任也是為了更好的約束當事人履行合同的義務,如果出現合同預期違約的情況有什么法律約束條款?華律網小編為大家整理以下關于合同預期違約的文章,希望能給大家帶來一定的幫助和參考,歡迎瀏覽。

    合同預期違約的法律后果

    1、拒絕接受預期違約的要求

    預期違約發生后,債權人可以用書面、口頭甚至沉默的方法拒絕對方的毀約表示,此時合同仍然有效,合同對雙方仍具有約束力,如合同約定的履行期限屆滿后,債務人行為構成實際違約時,債權人可按實際違約要求對方承擔違約責任。

    2、接受預期違約的要求

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  • 4預期違約的救濟有哪些

    預期違約,是指在合同中的違約行為發生在合同履行期到來之前就違約了,那預期違約的救濟有哪些?接下來由華律網的小編為大家整理了一些關于預期違約的救濟有哪些方面的知識,歡迎大家閱讀!

    預期違約的救濟有哪些

    一、明示預期違約的救濟方式:解除合同,請求損害賠償

    明示預期違約,是指違約方明確表示在合同履行期限到來之前,自己將不會履行合同。

    在明示預期違約的情況下,債權人有權決定是否接受預期違約。如果接受,則可實際違約追究對方的責任,行使解除合同,請求損害賠償的權利

    如果不接受,堅持合同效力,則意味著債權人放棄了因預期違約而獲得的權利,只能待合同履行期屆滿對方違約時,按實際違約追究責任。

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最近更新:2019-07-03
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