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姚志明律師
最高人民法院關于購房定金的司法解釋

最高人民法院關于購房定金的司法解釋,購房定金可以退嗎,買房時 訂金和定金的區別是什么,購房定金怎么退才安全,買房向開發商交了定金還能退嗎,購房定金和訂金哪個能退,購房定金繳納難退還 簽訂認購書時須分清認購金與定金

目錄

  • 1最高人民法院關于購房定金的司法解釋

    定金主要分以下幾個種類

    立約定金

    立約定金,立約定金常常與預約合同并存,是指在合同訂立前交付,目的在于保證正式訂立合同的定金。合同的訂立需要一個過程,要經過要約和承諾的過程。有時候這個過程比較短,但是在有些情況下,這個過程可能需要持續較長的時間,尤其是在一些標的額比較大的民事交易中。當事人為訂立合同已經作了必要的準備,相互間對于合同的內容已經基本取得了一致,但因為存在一些未定情形,合同一直未能訂立,當事人又不愿意許諾成立合同,于是采用立約定金來實現當事人間的相互信任,以求最終成立合同,完成交易。

    成約定金

    成約定金,謂為合同成立要件的定金,與要物合同之物的交付,作用相同。(因其未見有“定金罰則”,故實際非債的擔保。)司法解釋第116條規定,當事人約定以交付定金作為主合同成立或者生效要件的,給付定金的一方

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  • 2購房過程中定金與訂金有什么區別

    在商品房交易中,所說的訂金與定金在法律上是有明顯區別的。定金是一個規范的法律概念,是合同當事人為確保合同的履行而自愿約定的一種擔保形式。商品房交易中,買家履行合同后,定金應當抵作價款或者收回;若買家不履行合同,無權要求返還定金,發展商不履行合同的,應雙倍返還定金。我國《擔保法》還規定:定金應以書面形式約定,不得超過主合同標準額的20%.當事人一旦以書面形式對定金作了約定并實際支付了定金,即產生相應的法律后果。

    另一方面,定金作為合同履行的一種擔保,《擔保法》中規定:擔保合同(即定金條款)是主合同的從合同,若主合同無效,定金條款無效(另有約定的,按約定)。換言之,若合同無效,定金條款亦無效,收受定金的一方應返還定金。如一方過錯造成主合同無效,過錯方應承擔相應的民事責任,而不是沒收或雙倍返還定金了。

    訂金并非一個規范的法律概念,實際上它具有預付款的性質,是當事人的一種支付手段,并不具備擔保性質。商品房交易中,如買家不履行合同義務,并不表示他喪失了請求返還訂金的權利;反之,若發展商不履行義務亦不須雙

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最近更新:2019-07-03
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